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Illegal Immigration

The Number of Illegal Immigrants in the US

The Number of Illegal Immigrants in the USIllegal immigration is an undertaking that occurs on a daily basis in the United States. Figures estimate that the current population of illegal immigrants in the country is between 12 and 20 million. However, the United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agency remains busy patrolling and apprehending those participating in illegal immigration, often capturing many in one single day.

As of 2009, the ICE reported that there were a total of 534,497 individuals participating in immigration to the United States under illegal means. All of these individuals participating in illegal immigration would be released and deported to their countries of origin. In 2010, the number has been estimated to be at 506,232, which is bound to grow consider how often illegal immigration to the United States occurs.

6 Facts To Know About Illegal Immigration In US

6 Facts To Know About Illegal Immigration In US

1. Due to the resurgence of national security – which many attribute to the terrorist act that took place on September 11th, 2001 – the United States instated increased precautions with regard to immigration into the United States; these precautions exist in the formation of the Department of Homeland Security and increased funding for the Border Patrol, as well as for National Security Advisory (NSA). 
2. An illegal immigrant is a term assigned to those individuals who have accessed a country or nation through illegal means, which include smuggling, trafficking, and a general admission devoid of legitimacy; legal immigration can be defined as the processing, application, and completion of the appropriate forms and the satisfaction of the protocol of legal entry. 
Although the procedure for illegally entering a country are no excuse for the failure to adhere to the law, there exists a multitude of reasons for immigrants to risk entry into the United States as illegal immigrants. 
3. Immigration lobbyists – both detractors, as well as advocates alike – have explained that while some illegal immigrants have entered America for reasons fueled by criminal activity and felonious intent, other illegal immigrants want a lifestyle provided by the American government that will provide a better quality of life for themselves, as well as for their own families. 
In certain cases, these lobbyists have illustrated examples where illegal immigrants have unlawfully entered the United States to reunite with family, as well as to escape the corruption and instability rampant within their native governments. As a result, the debate surrounding illegal immigration continues to serve as a polemic seemingly devoid of a solution to all those involved; both for lobbyists and immigrants alike.
4. There exist a number of legal means in which immigrants can utilize in order to legally enter the United States of America in lieu of doing so illegally and running the risk of being branded as illegal immigrants:
Visa: Expressed permission to reside in the United States of America for a finite period of time, which is contingent on a purpose for the residence – examples of ‘purpose’ are marriage, employment, tourism, and study. Although a visa entitles the holder to reside legally within the United States, upon the expiration of that visa – and without a federally-mandated extension, the holder of an expired visa is considered to be an illegal immigrant 2. Refugee.
Permit: This is the granting of legal authority to enter the United States of America as a result of persecution, hardship, or extenuating circumstances endured by the noncitizen in question.
Green Card: Legal documentation that illustrates noncitizen status, albeit the right to reside legally within the United States on a permanent basis
Citizenship: Citizenship is granted subsequent to 5 years spent legally residing within the United States with a minimal amount of time spent outside of the United States; as an American citizen, the foreign-born individual is entitled to all of the rights and freedoms afforded to all American-born citizens – foreign-born American citizens are also responsible for their personal adherence to the laws and regulations set forth within the Constitution of the United States.
5. Illegal Immigrants who currently reside in the United States have done so in a variety of fashions:
Illegal Border Crossing: Despite the checkpoints that occur on the immediate borders between the United States and Canada, as well as between the United States and Mexico, illegal immigrants have devised a multitude of methods to cross the border illegally and without detection.
While some illegal immigrants have opted to sneak across the border, other illegal immigrants have chosen to pay a third-party for safe passage into the United States; these third-party enablers have been given the moniker ‘coyotes’, due to the many accounts of predatory behavior with regard to the noncitizen’s desperation to gain access into the United States. 
In the past decade alone, there has been an abundance of reported cases of ‘coyotes’ stealing money from potential illegal-immigrants, refusing service, as well as the exploitation of illegal immigrants with threats of reporting their respective, illegal intentions.
Other illegal immigrants have opted to enter the United States by way of make-shift marine vessels, such as rafts, flotillas, and in certain cases, inner-tubes. Aside from the penalties that are incurred upon arrest, many illegal immigrants have lost their lives as a result of drowning, starvation, and exhaustion due to the perils of this rigorous – and dangerous – endeavor.
6. Immigration fraud is an criminal activity in which illegal immigrants cooperate in order to gain access to the United States; there exist a wide variety of criminal methods that are implemented in order for an illegal alien to penetrate the borders of the United States:
Fraudulent documents, both forged – as well as stolen, have been circulated through communities who utilize these documents as a way to make a profit through their sale or barter. Fraudulent Green Cards, Social Security Cards, Passports, and Visas have been known to circulate through forgery and theft; these documents are sold, bought, and produced in order assist illegal immigrants with illegal entry into the United States in lieu of lawful completion and processing of immigration documentation through the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services Bureau. 
Fraudulent marriage, engagement, and elopement are not uncommon practices that result in a heightened possibility of a noncitizen spouse or fiancée receiving a visa to reside legally  in the United States; oftentimes, these marriages are fabricated for the purpose of displaying the appearance of a legitimate and genuine marriage – participants that are citizens of the United States receive payment in exchange for their own contribution.
Violation of Immigration: a violation of immigration is when an individual who was once legally permitted to enter the United States for a finite period of time refuses to return to their own country of origin upon the expiration of that expressed permission for entry. This denial can take place upon a noncitizen’s refusal to report to the USCIS upon the ending of the statute of limitations on their specific immigration documentation.

Legal Immigration vs. Illegal Immigration

Legal Immigration vs. Illegal Immigration

Immigration to the United States can occur through the two possible forms as consist of either legal immigration, on the one hand, or illegal immigration, on the other. In this regard, people can either choose to contact the relevant agency of the United States government and secure permission to settle in the country, as can eventually allow for the later process of naturalization, or, alternately, illegal immigration can allow people to more quickly realize the benefits, as may be economic in nature or of some other kind, to be gained by relocation to the United States.
Illegal immigration has been responsible for energizing much of the debate over the legal ramifications of immigration in the United States during the late 20th century and early 21st century, in contrast to which legal immigration once represented a more pressing concern in American politics and law. 
Illegal immigration has been tied to the large labor market in the United States, in which the most competitive wage decreases can be tied to the availability of employees from outside the legal infrastructure of the American labor system. Legal immigration, on the other hand, has been observed to confer greater benefits in terms of employment opportunities which possess a greater degree of visibility.
By contrast, illegal immigration has been tied to comparatively low-paying jobs. Despite the efforts which have been expended, such as through law enforcement measures and legislative changes, to encourage a shift to legal immigration in preference over the alternative, illegal immigration is generally encouraged by the widespread global interest in working in the United States. 

Illegal Immigrants

Illegal Immigrants

Illegal Immigration

 

What is Illegal
Immigration?

In the United States, illegal immigration refers to the act
of foreign nationals violating American immigration policies and laws through
the entering or remaining in the country without receiving proper authorization
from the Federal Government. An illegal immigrant refers to a non-citizen, who
has entered the United States without government permission or has stayed
beyond the termination date of their visa. 
You may be termed an “illegal immigrant” in one of the following three
Ways:

·        
 Illegally Entering the United States: Also
referred to a “Border Crossing Card Violator” these individuals enter the
United States migrate via illegal entry. A common method of border crossing is
to hire professional organizations who smuggle illegal immigrants across the
United States’ borders. The Mexican/American border is the most common access point
for illegal immigration. These individuals are classified as having evaded the
United States’ border patrol police and immigration inspecting agencies. This
method of illegal entry accounts for roughly 6.5 million illegal immigrant
statuses in the United States.

 

·        
Overstaying
your Visa:
The individual entered the United States in a legal fashion
(obtained a Visa) but stayed beyond the allotted time period in the nation or
violated the terms of legal entry. Roughly 5 million migrants entered America
with a legal visa; tourists and students are the most common groups to secure
visas before travelling to the United States. Their status of a legal migrant
changes to “visa overstay” once the individual remains in the United States
after their authorized time of admission has expired. The time allotted by a
visa will vary based on the visa class the individual secured. The majority of
these illegal immigrants enter the country with tourist or business visas.

 

 

·        
Border
Crossing Card Violations:
This method accounts for a smaller number of
illegal immigrants. The Border Crossing Card is a form of identification that
enables an individual to cross into the United States for a limited amount of
time. These entry accounts for the majority of registered non0immigrant entry
into America.

 

Laws Surrounding
Illegal Entry or Over-Staying:

An immigrant may be classified as illegal for the following
three reasons: the individual enters without inspection or authorization, the
individual stays beyond an authorized period following legal entry, or the
individual violates the terms of legal entry.

The laws revolving around illegal entry or overstaying are
found in Section 1325 in Title 8 of the United States Code. This section,
titled “Improper Entry of Alien” will provide a fine or imprisonment (or both)
for any immigrant who:

1.      
Enters or attempts to enter America at any
time or location other than what was designated by the United States Government
(immigration official, or

 

2.      
Any individual who eludes inspection or
examination instituted by the United States Government and its immigration
agents, or

 

 

3.      
Any individual who attempts to enter the
United States by providing a false or misleading representation of oneself or
through a willful concealment of fact. 
For instance, if you provide a false passport, driver’s license or
pretend to be anyone else, you will be charged with attempting to enter the
United States in an illegal fashion.

The maximum prison sentence for an individual caught in the
act of violating immigration policy is 6 months for the first offense and
additional 2 years for any subsequent offense.

 

How does the United
States Enforce Illegal Immigration Laws?

The United States government is attempting to crack-down on
illegal immigration. If you have over-stayed your visa or illegally crossed the
border, chances are, the United States government will uncover documentation
that leads to your imprisonment or deportation. The following methods are used
by the United States government to curb and reveal cases of illegal immigration:

Protection at the
Border:
The United States Customs and Border Protection agency is
responsible for arresting individuals who attempt to illegally enter the United
States. The United States Border Patrol is a uniformed law enforcement agency
that is responsible for deterring, detecting and subsequently apprehending
those individuals who enter the United States in an illegal fashion—without
permission from the government and outside the designated points of entry.

Workplace
Investigations:
The United States government conducts audits on employment
records (the Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agency initiates the audits) to
reveal any discrepancies with regards to identification records and the
documentation itself. Workplace audits may result in deportation if absolute
evidence of illegal immigration is uncovered. Immigration authorities, during
workplace investigation, will alert employers of mismatches between an
employees’ Social Security card and the actual identification information of
the card holder. In addition to employment records, an immigrant’s visa is
perpetually updated and observed by the United States government. Simply put,
the government will know, through your employer, as to when your visa expires.

 

What is the
Punishment Associated with Illegal Immigration?

Individuals who are caught illegally immigrating will face
detention, imprisonment or deportation. The United States, per year, holds
roughly 300,000 illegal immigrants in immigration detention centers. An illegal
immigrant’s deportation is determined in administrative or removal proceedings,
held by the government in accordance with United States immigration law. A
removal proceeding is typically conducted in an Immigration Court and held by
an immigration judge. If the individual is found guilty of illegally
immigrating, he/she may be sent back to their home country and barred from
re-entry to the United States. Complications in deportation will arise when the
parents are deemed illegal immigrants, but their children were born in America.

 

Laws Surrounding
Deportation:

If you do not have a Visa, a Green Card or citizenship in
the United States and are currently living in the country, you are subject to
deportation. Getting deported is a very serious aspect of immigration law; it
is the process of the United States government removing illegal immigrants from
the country. Deportation may eliminate your ability to secure a visa in the future.
The United States Government may deport you for the following reasons:

·        
If you enter the United States while being
deemed “legally inadmissible” by the immigration laws of the federal government

·        
Entering the country without a legal visa

·        
Failure to renew a conditional permanent
residency visa

·        
Aiding an illegal immigrant with entering the
country

·        
Conviction of a criminal offense

·        
Endangering national or public security

·        
Participating in a fraudulent marriage for the
purpose of securing an immigrant visa

 

 

The Legalization
Process:

There are several ways to become a legal resident of the
United States. The exact procedure to obtain legalization will depend on your
location, your background and your residency status. Before you can obtain a
Green Card (permanent residence) you must become legal. If you are
residing–because of illegal crossing or an expired visa–in the United States
as an illegal immigrant, you must obtain legalization thru your family (if
permanent residents or American citizens), your place of employment, the United
States military, thru marriage or from an educational endeavor. The term
“legalization” refers to securing a Visa. This document will enable you to
maintain residence in the United States for a certain period of time. It is crucial
to understand that all visas have expiration dates—Green Cards and Citizenship
are permanent, not Visas. Before your expiration date, you must secure a Green
Card through marriage, the military or a family member.

To acquire legalization you must engage in or be categorized
as one of the following: a family-based immigrant, a member of the United
States Armed Forces, a worker or student with exceptional skills, an
employment-based worker, or an asylum seeker/refugee. The visas associated with
these categories are all temporary; however, they will enable you to live in
the country legally and acquire permanent residence/citizenship in the future.

 

Legalization from
Family Members:

A number of people become legalized by way of their family
members. The following individuals may be eligible to legally live in the
United States:

·        
Any immediate relatives of American citizens,
including spouses, unmarried children under the age of 21, and parents of
American citizen petitioners 21 years or older.

 

·        
Family members of green card holders, including
spouses and unmarried children of the sponsoring individual

 

 

·        
A family member of an American citizen who fits
into a preference category, including unmarried children over the age of 21,
brothers and sisters of an American citizen petitioner over 21 and married
children of any age.

 

·        
Members of special categories, including
battered children or spouses, individuals born to foreign diplomats in the
United States, a widower of a United States’ citizen or a K non-immigrant.

 

Process of Legalization
through Family:

To promote family unity, United States immigration law
enables citizens to petition for qualified relatives to live permanently in
America. As stated above, eligible relatives include, spouses, unmarried children
under the age of 21 and parents of the U.S. citizen if over 21. These
individuals possess special immigration priority; they do not have to wait in
line for a visa to immigrate because the government offers an unlimited number
of visas to immediate family members of citizens or green card holders.

Being an immediate relative of a US citizen allows you to
apply for residency through the filing of Form I-485 (Application to Adjust
Status or Register Permanent Residence). While filling this form out your American
citizen petitioner must file Form I-130 (Petition for Alien Relative). When
filing Form I-130, your petitioner must provide proof of status to demonstrate
permanent residency and must submit evidence to qualify your relationship.
Permitted evidence includes: a birth certificate, divorce decree or marriage
certificate.

When your relative or spouse is petitioning, the government
will observe the following preference categories:

·        
First
Preference:
All unmarried, adult sons and daughters of American Citizens
(Adult encompasses all individuals over the age of 21)

·        
Second
Preference (2A):
Spouses of green card holders and unmarried children under
the age of 21 of permanent residents

·        
Second
Preference (2B):
Unmarried adult sons and daughters of green card holders

·        
Third
Preference:
Married sons and daughters of a United States citizen

·        
Fourth
Preferences:
Sisters and brothers of adult American citizens.

 

A visa will become available to the above preference
categories depending on their priority dates (the date the I-130 form was
filed).

 If you are living
outside of the United States and are an immediate relative of a U.S. citizen
you can apply for permanent residency by engaging in consular processing. This
procedure connects the USCIS with your Department of State to issue a permanent
visa assuming the approval of Form I-130.

 

Legalization through
Marriage:

A fiancé visa is one of the most common ways to obtain
citizenship. If you are planning on marrying a US citizen, your partner will
file the petition to award you with permanent residence. When filing the
petition, your partner must satisfy the following requirements:

·        
The petitioner must be a citizen of the United
States

·        
The petitioner must show that they intend on
marrying you within 90 days of your entry into the United states

·        
You and your fiancé are both available to marry
and previous marriages have been legally terminated by death, annulment or
divorce

·        
You met each other in person at least once
within 2 years of filing the petition.

 

If you are living outside of the United States and are an
immediate relative of a U.S. citizen you can apply for permanent residency by
engaging in consular processing. This procedure connects the USCIS with your
Department of State to issue a permanent visa assuming the approval of Form
I-130.

 

Legalization through
Employment:

Every year, thousands of people are legalized through an
employment opportunity. The approval for a work visa will require certification
from the United States Department Labor. The United States Government, before
issuing the visa, will investigate the need for the specific job. The
Government must see a lack of U.S. workers who are able, qualified, willing or
available to satisfy the job requirements in that particular area. The
Government will ensure that no American workers are displaced through the
issuance of the visa.

A visa will also be given for employment if you are
considered a “highly skilled worker” or in possession of extraordinary
abilities in a specific field. These workers are typically sought-after by the
United States government. For instance, in 2002, a number of computer
technicians and programmers were awarded a work visa.

 

Process for Acquiring
a Green Card through Employment:

The majority of employment categories will require your
employer to obtain a labor certification then subsequently file Form I-140,
(The Immigrant Petition for Alien Worker) for you.

Green Cards may also be offered to entrepreneurs/investors
who are seeking to make a substantial investment in an entity or enterprise
that creates new jobs.

 

Visas for Students:

If you are interesting in becoming a full-time student in
the United States, you will need to acquire either an M-1 Student Visa or an
F-1 Student Visa. To acquire temporary legalization with a student visa you
must meet the following criteria:

·        
You must be enrolled in an educational program,
a vocational program or a language-training program.

·        
Your academic institution must be approved by
the USCIS.

·        
You must be enrolled as a student (full-time) at
the academic institution.

·        
You must be proficient in the English language
or be enrolled in classes leading to fluency

·        
You must have enough money to support yourself during
the course of study

·        
You must maintain a home abroad that you have no
intention to give up.

 

The F-1 Student Visa enables you to enter America as a
full-time student at an accredited university, college, academic high school,
elementary school or language training program. You must be enrolled in a
course of study that culminates in a degree or certificate. Your school must
also be authorized by the United States Federal Government to accept
international students.

The M-1 Student Visa is for vocational students or students
of non-academic programs (other than language courses).

 

Citizenship and the
Military:

Members and certain veterans of the United States armed
forces may be eligible for citizenship through their military service.
Qualifying military service refers to participation in the United States Army,
Air Force, Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard and certain branches of the National
Guard.

Those who honorably serve in the United States Armed
Services (at any time), will be deemed eligible to apply for citizenship;
however, the applicant must satisfy the following requirements:

·        
Be at least 18 years of age

·        
Be able to read, write and speak basic English

·        
Maintain permanent residency at the time of the
application

·        
Possess strong moral character

·        
Have a knowledge of U.S history and government

·        
Have resided in the United States, continuously,
for at least give years and have been physically present in the country for at
least 30 months out of the 5 years preceding the application.

Spouses and children of military members are also deemed
eligible to apply for citizenship assuming they pass the following criteria:

·        
Be at least 18 years of age

·        
Establish that his or her spouse or parent is
deployed abroad as an active service member

·        
Be present in the United States pursuant to
admission for permanent residence or at the time of naturalization

·        
Be able to read, write and speak English

·        
Have a basic knowledge of United States’
government and history.

 

Legalization through
Asylee or Refugee Status:

If you were admitted to the United States as a qualifying
member of an asylee or as a refugee, you may apply for permanent residence 1
year after your entry into America. If you were granted asylum in America, you
may apply for permanent residency 1 year after you secured your status.

To apply for a Green Card you must file the Form I-485
(Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status). If your asylum
status is granted, you should file, in addition to Form I-485, a completed Form
I-693 (Report of Medical Exam and Vaccination Record), a completed Form I-602
(Application by Refugee for Waiver of Grounds of Excludability), a copy of your
I-94 Card, a completed Form G-325A, two passport-style photos and certified
copies of court records if you were ever arrested.

Form I-485 is also required if you are applying for a Green
Card through Refugee status. In addition to Form I-485, you should enclose with
your application two photos, Form G-28, Form G-325A, Form I-693 (only needed if
there were medical grounds of inadmissibility at the time you arrived in
America).

 

 

What Happens After I
Acquire Legalization?

·        
After you acquire legalization you must obtain
permanent residency (a green card) to live in the United States. All visas have
expiration dates—if you stay in the United States past your expiration date you
will become an illegal immigrant again. Once you stay in the United States for
at least five years, demonstrate proficiency for English and knowledge for
United States’ history and government, you may obtain citizenship. The primary
motives for immigrants to acquire citizenship is to vote in public elections
and assist their relatives immigrate to America.

 

 

Other Ways to get a
Green Card:

The majority of immigrants attain permanent resident through
their job or family; however, there are several other ways to attain a green
card, including:

·        
American
Indian Born in Canada

·        
Cuban
Native or Citizen

·        
Member of
the Armed Forces

·        
Registry

·        
Person
born to Foreign Diplomat of the United States

·        
Informant
(S Nonimmigrant)

·        
Haitian
Refugee

·        
Amerasian
Child of a U.S. Citizen

·        
Diversity
Immigrant Visa Program

·        
Help
HAITI Act of 2010

·        
Legal Immigration
Family Equity Act

·        
Lautenberg
People

·        
Victim of
Criminal Activity (U Nonimmigrant)

·        
Victim of
Trafficking (T Nonimmigrant)

 

 

What are my Rights
and Responsibilities as a Legal Immigrant?

Once you have obtained legalization you are allowed to live in
the United States and enjoy the following rights:

·        
The right to live in America provided that you
do not commit any crimes or engage in any actions that would make you removable
according to immigration law

·        
You have the right to work in the Unites States
at any place of your choosing.

·        
You have the right to be protected by all
American laws, including those found at the federal, state and jurisdictional.

As a legal immigrant of the United States you are
responsible for the following:

·        
You must obey all laws of the United States,
including all federal, state and jurisdictional.

·        
You are required to file income taxes and report
your income to the United States Internal Revenue Service, as well as state
taxing authorities

·        
If you are a male between the ages of 18 and 25,
you are required to register with the Selective Service.

·        
You are expected to support the democratic
process and not alter the government through any illegal means.

 

One of the most notable privileges in the United States is
the right vote in public elections. There are a number of elections in the
United States, including, federal, state and local election. Only citizens of
the United States can vote in the federal election. Voting in a federal
election (or registering to vote) is a crime if you are not a citizen of the
United States. Permanent residents may be denied naturalization if they attempt
to vote in federal elections.

The right to vote in local elections is based on state law.
You can obtain information regarding your voting rights in local elections from
your local voting authorities. For all questions regarding your illegal
immigration status, please visit the United States Citizenship and Immigration
Services website located at https://www.uscis.gov/portal/site/uscis.
You may also contact the USCIS at 1-800-767-1833.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Statistics for the Overpopulation Problem

Statistics for the Overpopulation ProblemMany individuals who oppose illegal immigration and promote efforts to eradicate illegal immigrants argue that illegal immigration has caused overpopulation in the United States.

Overpopulation statistics indicate that, on average, the entire world is suffering from overpopulation, and as a result, necessary resources are becoming increasingly scarce. The exact number of illegal immigrants residing in the United States is not certain, however, it has been estimated that somewhere between 10 million and 20 million illegal immigrants are currently residing in the country.

Though this is a large number, when compared to the 280 million U.S. citizens residing in the country, it is relatively small. Recent estimates suggest that there are only 10.8 million illegal immigrants currently living in the U.S. This accounts for a very small percentage of the U.S. population. Therefore, it is not accurate to suggest that illegal immigration has caused overpopulation in the U.S. The extensive U.S. population, the high reproduction rate, successful medical treatment, and increased life expectancy have caused overpopulation in the U.S.