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Ethnic Cleaning and the Nazi Holocaust

Ethnic Cleaning and the Nazi HolocaustThe ethnic cleansing that was to unfold during the Nazi rule under Hitler began with the simple boycotts of Jewish shops and businesses. The escalation of the Nazi Holocaust from 1938-1945 resulted in the deaths of 6,000,000 people.

Operation “Final Solution” was also devised to kill Polish Jews with the use of railways that transported millions of people, many whom died along the ride in the overcrowded, resourceless train. This was also a ploy that gave support to the lie that the Germans were merely “resettling” the Polish Jews, when in truth, the trains were taking them to the Belzec extermination camp, where those that survived the train ride were executed.

Soviet Holocaust Ethnic Cleansing

Soviet troops liberated the Majdanek camp on Polish grounds on July 24, 1944 where a total of 360,000 Jews had already been murdered. Himmler, in fear for the fast approaching Soviet Army, mandated the destruction of the gas chambers. The SS troops began to round up the surviving concentration camp inmates for the death marches that killed many more Jews through exhaustion, starvation, dehydration. Also, any victims that failed to keep up in the march were shot by the SS.

The Soviet Army was able to approach the Auschwitz camp by January 27 of 1945. The Western Allies had followed by forcing their way onto German grounds by spring of 1945. Then they proceeded to liberate the holocaust victims in the remaining Buchenwald, Dachau and Bergen-Belsen camps.

General religious and political Opposition

Also, opposition was felt in a small group of young Germans who resented the required collaboration to the Hitler Youth. University students in Munich were also recorded to have had formed White Rose in 1942, a resistance group against the holocaust that created leaflets to distribute. This led to the arrest and execution of the group’s three main leaders, a professor and two siblings.

Moreover, a conservative group comprised of diplomats and military officers devised an assassination plan for Hitler’s death who they hoped to replace with right-wing conservative Karl Goerdeler. The attempt failed as Hitler survived the bomb’s blast. Those that were involved in the attempt were tried and most were executed.

Polish Ethnic Cleansing

Polish Ethnic Cleansing

In Spring of 1940, Himmler had ordered the construction of one of the largest holocaust camps. The concentration camp was situated by Oswiecim, a Polish city, which was thereafter renamed Auschwitz by the Germans. This camp was to hold the Polish prisoners, where they were to work as slave laborers for the German-run factories that were planned to be built nearby. Over the course of the holocaust, 6 million Polish lives had been taken, half of them Jewish. 
The holocaust process for the Poles could be divided into stages as seen by the establishments of the ghettos. Before the ghettos were formed, any attempts and escapes from persecution were not necessarily punishable by death. However, once the ghettos were formed, many Poles died from starvation and disease within the confines and destitute holocaust camps.
Their woes were only relieved by the smuggling of food and medicine. The rapid development of Jewish ghettos and holocaust camps across Poland was actually strongly linked with the also instituted, but very secretive centers for killings which were built at around the same period by various German construction companies. Hitler’s Operation Reinhardt, was a plan that involved the creation of German death camps for the sole use of rapidly exterminating Polish Jews in holocaust camps. 
South-eastern Poland’s massive Jewish populations enabled the Majdanek camp which became a killing ground through means of gas chambers for the Polish Jews. The gassing was held in view of the other inmates and tractor engines had to be run near the chambers to drown the cries of those dying. The holocaust camp, Majdanek, was where 59,000 Polish Jews were killed, and at the end of Operation Harvest Festival in November of 1943, Majdanek only had 71 Jewish people left.
The operation “Final Solution” required mass transport of the Polish Jews on railways where they died from thirst and suffocation while in transit. This also helped the Nazi lie about “resettling” the Jews. The Gerstein Report on August 18, 1940 documented that the arrival of 45 wagons to the Belzec extermination camp found 1,450 people dead on arrival out of the 6,700 that originally had departed. Millions of people were transported and killed in this way.