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What was the Balkans War?

What was the Balkans War?

The Balkans are located between mainland Europe and the Near East. The Balkans’ mountainous geography very much lends itself to its identity and violent history. During World War II, the Balkans War began because of Italy’s attempts to create a larger Italian state. In 1939, Italy invaded Albania, and demanded for Greece to surrender in 1940. Much to the Italians’ dismay, the Greek Prime Minister, Ioannis Metaxas, defied their attempts to rule Greece in 1940. Metaxas started the Greco-Italian Balkans’ War which lasted for nine difficult months of fighting before Germany intervened to attain victory.
After the fall of Sarajevo, now the capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina, to Nazi Germany on April 16, 1941, Yugoslavian provinces, too, became Nazi satellite states. The Nazis created the Handschar Division and worked alongside Ustase and Chetniks for the approaching battle against the Yugoslav Partisans. 
The Yugoslav minorities and Hungary helped the Nazis to conquer Yugoslavia within a month before joining forces with Bulgaria to invade Greece. Though the Greek forces continued to resist, their split forces in Albania led to their downfall after a month, except for Crete. After 11 days of intense warfare, however, the Grecian island eventually collapsed under the Nazis’ paratrooper forces.
This resulted in the reshuffling of the Balkan frontiers, creating the states of Croatia and Montenegro, including the Albanian expansion within Yugoslavia and Greece, as well as the Bulgarian annexation of Northern Greek territories. Moreover, the Balkans War resulted in the creation of the Vlach state as well as the annexation of the Ionian Islands and a section of the Aegean Islands into the new Italy. 

Burmese Refugees

Burmese Refugees

For years, the Burmese government has been exploiting the
people of Burma. This exploitation has included forcing them to pay exorbitant taxes
sexual abuse 

Due
to constant mistreatment and lack of medical resources, food, and economic
opportunity, there have been thousands of Burmese refugees that fled their
homes. Most Burmese refugees have chosen to settle in nearby Thailand for
the past 20 years. Camps are set up for the Burma refugees. There were roughly
20,000 Burmese refugees in the refugee camps of Thailand in the 1980s. That
number has now grown to at least 300,000, although exact numbers are difficult
to obtain.

The
deadly regime that was appointed by the Burmese government guards the border,
looking for citizens who are trying to become Burmese refugees. This increased
security, of course, makes it harder for them to become Burma refugees in the
first place.

Thai
policies are constantly changing their approach to handling the Burmese
refugees in Thailand. Burma refugees fall into two categories: border refugees
and urban refugees. Thailand’s government has pushed for a law that would force
some Burmese refugees to return home before the conflict in Burma ends.

Although safer than they are in Burma,
Burmese refugees who find themselves in Thailand face devastating poverty,
discrimination, and a lack of protection and human rights from the Thai
government. These Burma refugees often find themselves working in dangerous
construction sites where there are no safety precautions. The Burma refugees are
expected to work at least 10 hours a day with an average wage of $1.00 United
States dollar. The Burmese refugee camps consist of aluminum houses with dirt
floors for the Burmese refugees.

The population of these Burmese refugee
camps has not decreased at all since they were originally set up. If anything,
the number of Burma refugees has exploded due to problems with the Burmese
government. As the corrupt government continues to exploit its people, more
Burma residents decide to leave the country every year.

How is India Partitioned?

How is India Partitioned?

Political divisions rarely occur in a very clean way. When land is reorganized into new territories, and new countries formed out of large blocs, the logistical concerns of getting people from place to place are very real, and potentially  destructive.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union, for example, the republics that were once so closely guarded by a Communist military presence became autonomous entities. In the wake of the change, people who were formerly constituents of the USSR at least temporarily became refugeesPrior to the Partition of India, Hindus and Muslims in India inhabited the same space in the form of one colony under the rule of the British crown.
Therefore, prior to the campaign for a separate Muslim state, factions within India were already seeking liberation from imperial dominion. While early on, as is understandable, objection to British authority manifested itself in the form of militant opposition, the independence movement later came to be defined by the doctrine of non-violence preached by and symbolized by Mohandas Gandhi.
It took much time for those in power to accede to any change, but eventually, India was awarded its sovereignty through the Indian Independence Act of 1947. However, contained within this decree as well was a plan for the partition of India, which would create the two independent states of India and Pakistan.
The end of the Indian independence movement would prove to be rather bittersweet. Of course, the gain of independence was a blessing for those who had long sought this dream. However, the partition of India was not something that all Indians supported; Gandhi, for one, objected to the division of the territory between India and Pakistan because it ran contrary to the unity his methods had stressed.
Nonetheless, that is exactly what happened. The official partition of India went into effect between August 14 and August 15 of 1947. The latter date was reserved for the establishment of India, and Pakistan thus commemorates August 14 as its independence date. Unfortunately, though, the huge population transfers of Hindus and Sikhs to India and Muslims to Pakistan created a refugee problem.
The Partition of India was directly responsible for the creation of over 10 million refugees. What’s more, in the haphazard as well as rushed migration between India and Pakistan, many lives were lost. All told, estimates from the religious clashes that erupted in the translation across borders approached one million persons lost.