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Who is a Refugee?

Refugee

What are Refugee Camps?

What are Refugee Camps?

A refugee camp is a camp set up specifically for the housing of refugees from another country. Refugee camps are most often set up when there are large numbers of refugees fleeing a particular country and entering into another particular country.
The country to which the refugees are fleeing might not have immediate accommodations available for such a large influx of refugees, and as a result, refugee camps often spring up out of necessity. Refugee camps are often built by the United Nations or other organizations which are attempting to help refugees by providing them with some form of shelter while they either are formally processed by the nation granting asylum, or while they await the ability to return to their home nations.
Even when refugee camps are set up by such organizations, however, they are generally not safely inhabitable for an extended period of time. Refugee camps cannot generally be set up with much preparation, and thus they are only designed to provide the most basic and elementary of benefits of shelter, meaning that they are often unhygienic and even potentially dangerous if inhabited for any extended period of time.
It is instances such as these, when the refugee camps are very unsafe for their denizens, that refugee camps can become a significant issue to be dealt with for the sake of those refugees forced to live in the camps. There are some instances in the world of refugee camps which have existed for many years, or even decades, further emphasizing the potential problems of refugee camps.

The Issue of Iraqi Refugees

The Issue of Iraqi Refugees

Iraqi refugees in the modern world are most likely those individuals who have either left or been forced to leave their home country of Iraq. Most often, the cause of Iraqi refugees leaving Iraq has been some form of war within their home country. For example, many Iraqi refugees left Iraq during the Persian Gulf War of 1990, and many more have left recently in the current Iraq War. Current estimates put the number of Iraqi refugees in the world at somewhere between 1.6 million and 2.2 million, depending upon the source of information, with the vast majority of current Iraqi refugees having left Iraq relatively recently.
This is a particularly significant problem facing the modern world, as all of these Iraqi refugees may not have anywhere else to go, and instead they are often being put into refugee camps which can be dangerous and unsanitary, especially for refugee children. Indeed, refugee children are very often underfed and unable to gain access to drinking water which is clean and safe to drink, meaning that refugee children are often very much at risk for significant diseases and other problems.
One of the biggest dilemmas currently existent regarding Iraqi refugees is that the vast majority of Iraqi refugees must go to countries within the areas around Iraq. Very few Iraqi refugees and refugee children have been allowed into the Untied States of America, depending upon information sources. For example, one source claims that America has only admitted 800 Iraqi refugees since the beginning of the new Iraq War. A large number of Iraqi refugees have instead been forced into Jordan, Syria, and Egypt.

The Issue of Bhutanese Refugees

The Issue of Bhutanese Refugees

Bhutan is a small country located in south Asia. It is bordered by the People’s Republic of China, and by the Republic of India, with smaller states in between it and some of the other close neighbors. In terms of Bhutanese refugees, Bhutan has been one of the most significant sources of refugees in the entire world to date. Some statistics show that over a sixth of Bhutan’s population has become Bhutanese refugees since 1991, when significant numbers of Bhutan’s population are believed to have been expelled from the country by the Bhutanese government.
This is not known for certain, however, and it is debated between many who believe that the expulsion was planned and intended by the Bhutanese government, and others who believe that it was the reaction of insurgents within Bhutan, or the result of Nepalese citizens pretending to be Bhutanese refugees in order to receive aid and housing.
The Bhutanese refugees currently known to be housed in Nepal number close to 105,000, and have been in such refugee camps for around 15 years, some ever since the original expulsion. The expulsion of Bhutanese refugees primarily targeted the Lhotshampas people of Bhutan.
In general, Bhutan began to attempt to assert the dominance of Bhutanese culture within the country as something separate from the culture of Nepal, particularly as many Nepalese citizens had been illegally immigrating into Bhutan and had been failing to pick up any important elements of Bhutanese culture. As such, Bhutan conducted a census, which is the point at which most people attribute the departure of the Bhutanese refugees from Bhutan. The exact status of these Bhutanese refugees is still in debate, as they are still not allowed back into Bhutan, and most have not been yet resettled.